Staff Selection Commission (SSC) has released the SSC CGL Syllabus & Exam Pattern for the post of constables along with official notification of SSC CGL Recruitment 2023. The SSC CGL syllabus and exam pattern for SSC CGL post of Combined Graduate Level Examination exam is set by the SSC. With the help of SSC CGL exam pattern and syllabus, candidates can make a strategy for the exam preparation in a systematic manner. The latest SSC CGL syllabus is published in the official notification of SSC CGL.SSC CGL Syllabus 2023 for Tier I, II, III & IV exams based on the latest pattern.
SSC CGL Syllabus 2023
To begin with the preparation for any exam, the candidates must be aware of the complete & accurate exam pattern along with a detailed SSC CGL syllabus to plan a fullproof strategy to score good marks in the particular exam. The exam pattern & syllabus for each SSC CGL Phase has been discussed in this article. Staff Selection Commission will select candidates for Combined Graduate Level posts through a TwoTier recruitment process. The mode of all stages of the SSC CGL Exam is as follows
Tier 
Type 
Mode 
Tier – I 
Objective
Multiple Choice 
ComputerBased
(online) 
Tier – II (Paper I, II, III) 
Paper I
(Compulsory for all posts), 
ComputerBased
(online) 
SSC CGL Syllabus 2023 for Tier 1
The students beginning with the preparation for SSC CGL Exam must be aware of the subjectwise SSC CGL Syllabus for the Tier1 exam which consists of 4 sections Quantitative Aptitude, General Intelligence and Reasoning, English Language & General Awareness. The detailed SSC CGL Syllabus for Tier1 Exam has been discussed in detail below.
SNo. 
Sections 
No. of Questions 
Total Marks 
Time Allotted 
1 
General
Intelligence and Reasoning 
25 
50 
A cumulative
time of 60 minutes 
2 
General
Awareness 
25 
50 

3 
Quantitative
Aptitude 
25 
50 

4 
English
Comprehension 
25 
50 

Total 
100 
200 
SSC CGL TierI Syllabus Quantitative Aptitude
In SSC CGL Tier1 Exam, the Quantitative Aptitude Questions focus on analysing the candidate's ability of appropriate use of numbers and number sense. This section is common in Tier1 & Tier2 and some of the topics are repetitive, so do prepare well to save time during your next stage preparation for the same chapters. The topics for SSC CGL Quantitative Aptitude as set by the commission are as follows
 Computation of whole numbers
 Decimals
 Fractions
 Relationships between numbers
 Profit and Loss
 Discount
 Partnership Business
 Mixture and Alligation
 Time and distance
 Time & Work
 Percentage
 Ratio & Proportion
 Square roots
 Averages
 Interest
 Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra & Elementary surds
 Graphs of Linear Equations
 Triangle and its various kinds of centres
 Congruence and similarity of triangles
 Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles
 Triangle
 Quadrilaterals
 Regular Polygons
 Right Prism
 Right Circular Cone
 Right Circular Cylinder
 Sphere
 Heights and Distances
 Histogram
 Frequency polygon
 Bar diagram & Pie chart
 Hemispheres
 Rectangular Parallelepiped
 Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base
 Trigonometric ratio
 Degree and Radian Measures
 Standard Identities
 Complementary angles
SSC CGL TierI Syllabus General Intelligence and Reasoning
The SSC CGL Syllabus for General Intelligence and Reasoning consists of both verbal and nonverbal types of topics. This section will be a key to examining the candidate's activeness and sharpness in any situation. The topics to be covered under SSC CGL Syllabus for General Intelligence and Reasoning are enlisted below
 Analogies
 Similarities and differences
 Space visualization
 Spatial orientation
 Problemsolving
 Analysis
 Judgment
 Blood Relations
 Decision making
 Visual memory
 Discrimination
 Observation
 Relationship concepts
 Arithmetical reasoning
 Figural classification
 Arithmetic number series
 Nonverbal series
 Coding and decoding
 Statement conclusion
 Syllogistic reasoning
SSC CGL TierI Syllabus English Language
Of all the sections in SSC CGL Tier1, the English section will be only in the English language. The candidates have to solve the questions asked in the exam which would analyse their understandability of the subject and their basic comprehension and writing ability would also be tested. Good command over the following topics would help the candidates to excel good score in this section.
 Phrases and Idioms
 One word Substitution
 Sentence Correction
 Error Spotting
 Fill in the Blanks
 Spellings Correction
 Reading Comprehension
 SynonymsAntonyms
 Active Passive
 Sentence Rearrangement
 Sentence Improvement
 Cloze test
SSC CGL TierI General Awareness Syllabus
This section would be helpful for testing the candidate's awareness about General Knowledge and General Science and their application to society. Though the syllabus of this section is vast in terms of the following topics.
 India and its neighbouring countries especially pertaining to History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Policy & Scientific Research
 Science
 Current Affairs
 Books and Authors
 Sports
 Important Schemes
 Important Days
 Portfolio
 People in News
 Static GK
SSC CGL Syllabus 2023 for Tier 2
After the preliminary exam has been conducted, it will be necessary to gear up for the Tier2 Exam of the SSC CGL 2022 Exam. The Mains Exam will be conducted online and is an objective multiplechoice exam, except for ModuleII (Data Entry Speed Test) of SectionIII of PaperI.
PaperI will be conducted in two sessions  Session I & Session II, on the same day and is compulsory for all candidates who qualify in Paper 1. SessionI will include conducting SectionI, SectionII and ModuleI of SectionIII. SessionII will include conducting ModuleII of SectionIII. It will be mandatory for the candidates to qualify all the sections of PaperI.
SSC CGL Tier 2 Paper 1 

Sections 
Module 
Subject 
No. of Questions 
Marks 
Weightage 
Section I 
ModuleI 
Mathematical Abilities 
30 
60*3 = 180 
23% 
ModuleII 
Reasoning and General Intelligence 
30 
23% 

Section II 
ModuleI 
English Language and Comprehension 
45 
70*3 = 210 
35% 
ModuleII 
General Awareness 
25 
19% 

Section III 
ModuleI 
Computer Knowledge Test 
20 
20*3 = 60 
Qualifying 
ModuleII 
Data Entry Speed Test 
One Data Entry Task 
Qualifying 

SSC
CGL Tier 2 Paper 2 & 3 

Paper 
Section 
No. of question 
Maximum Marks 
Duration 

Paper II 
Statistics 
100 
200 
2 hours 

Paper III 
General Studies (Finance and Economics) 
100 
200 
2 hours 
ModuleI of SessionI of PaperI (Mathematical Abilities):
The main focus of this section is to check the candidate's knowledge in terms f the appropriate use of numbers and the number sense of the candidate. Though the section is also asked in the Tier1 Exam, however, the level and type of questions will be designed differently and slightly more moderate than in the 1st stage. So candidates must buckle up their reparation with the topics listed below
1. Number Systems
 Computation of Whole Number
 Decimal and Fractions
 Relationship between numbers
 Percentages
 Ratio and Proportion
 Square roots
 Averages
 Interest (Simple and Compound)
 Profit and Loss
 Discount
 Partnership Business
 Mixture and Alligation
 Time and distance
 Time and work
 Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra and Elementary surds (simple problems)
 Graphs of Linear Equations
 Similarity with elementary geometric figures and facts: Triangle and its various kinds of centres
 Congruence and similarity of triangles
 Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles.
 Triangle
 Quadrilaterals
 Regular Polygons
 Circle
 Right Prism
 Right Circular Cone
 Right Circular Cylinder
 Sphere
 Hemispheres
 Rectangular Parallelepiped
 Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square Base.
 Trigonometry
 Trigonometric ratios
 Complementary angles
 Height and distances (simple problems only)
 Standard Identities
 Use of Tables and Graphs: Histogram, Frequency polygon, Bardiagram, Piechart
 Measures of central tendency: mean, median, mode, standard deviation
 Calculation of simple probabilities
ModuleII of SectionI of PaperI (Reasoning and General Intelligence):
Questions of both verbal and nonverbal type. These will include questions on
 Semantic Analogy
 Symbolic operations, Symbolic/ Number Analogy, Trends
 Figural Analogy
 Space Orientation
 Semantic Classification
 Venn Diagrams
 Symbolic/ Number
 Classification
 Drawing inferences
 Figural Classification
 Punched hole/ patternfolding & unfolding
 Semantic Series
 Figural Patternfolding and completion
 Number Series
 Embedded figures
 Figural Series
 Critical Thinking
 Problem Solving
 Emotional Intelligence
 Word Building
 Social Intelligence
 Coding and decoding
 Numerical operations
 Other subtopics, if any.
ModuleI of SectionII of PaperI (English Language And Comprehension):
Fluency in the English Language will be tested on the basis of this section of the SSC CGL Tier2 Syllabus. The basic knowledge about the English language in terms of the following topics is necessary to get good marks in this section of the Tier2 Exam. The syllabus for reading comprehension is not specific and is added in the syllabus to check candidates' quick responses to the situations.
 Vocabulary
 Grammar
 Sentence structure
 Spot the Error
 Fill in the Blanks,
 Synonyms/Homonyms
 Antonyms
 Spellings/ Detecting misspelt words
 Idioms & Phrases
 One word substitution
 Improvement of Sentences,
 Active/ Passive Voice of Verbs
 Conversion into Direct/ Indirect narration
 Shuffling of Sentence parts
 Shuffling of Sentences in a passage,
 Cloze Passage
 Comprehension Passage To test comprehension, three or more paragraphs will be given and questions based on those will be asked. At least one paragraph should be a simple one based on a book or a story and the other two paragraphs should be on current affairs, based on a report or an editorial.
ModuleII of SectionII of PaperI (General Awareness):
Questions are designed to test the candidates’ general awareness of the environment around them and its application to society. Questions are also designed to test knowledge of current events and of such matters of everyday observation and experience in their scientific aspect as may be expected of an educated person. The test will also include questions relating
 India and its neighbouring countries especially pertaining to History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Policy & Scientific Research
 Science
 Current Affairs
 Books and Authors
 Sports
 Important Schemes
 Important Days & Dates
 Portfolio
 People in News
ModuleI of SectionIII of PaperI (Computer Proficiency):
 Computer Basics: Organization of a computer, Central Processing Unit (CPU), input/ output devices, computer memory, memory organization, back up devices, PORTs, Windows Explorer. Keyboard shortcuts.
 Software: Windows Operating system including basics of Microsoft Office like MS word, MS Excel and Power Point etc.
 Working with Internet and emails: Web Browsing & Searching, Downloading & Uploading, Managing an Email Account, eBanking.
 Basics of networking and cyber security: Networking devices and protocols, Network and information security threats (like hacking, virus, worms, Trojan etc.) and preventive measures.
SSC CGL Tier 2 Syllabus Paper 2 (Statistics)
For some candidate's this section might be tough & difficult to understand. The basic tip is to get the concept clear and repetitive revision of the concepts would be beneficial to grab good marks in this section too. The SSC CGL Tier2 Syllabus for Statistic is described as follows
1. Collection, Classification and Presentation of Statistical Data –Primary and Secondary data, Methods of data collection; Tabulation of data; Graphs and charts; Frequency distributions; Diagrammatic presentation of frequency distributions.
2. Measures of Central Tendency  Common measures of central tendency – mean median and mode; Partition values quartiles, deciles, percentiles.
3. Measures of Dispersion Common measures dispersion – range, quartile deviations, mean deviation and standard deviation; Measures of relative dispersion.
4. Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis – Different types of moments and their relationship; meaning of skewness and kurtosis; different measures of skewness and kurtosis.
5. Correlation and Regression – Scatter diagram; simple correlation coefficient; simple regression lines; Spearman‟s rank correlation; Measures of association of attributes; Multiple regression; Multiple and partial correlation (For three variables only).
6. Probability Theory – Meaning of probability; Different definitions of probability; Conditional probability; Compound probability; Independent events; Bayes‟ theorem.
7. Random Variable and Probability Distributions – Random variable; Probability functions; Expectation and Variance of a random variable; Higher moments of a random variable; Binomial, Poisson, Normal and Exponential distributions; Joint distribution of two random variable (discrete).
8. Sampling Theory – Concept of population and sample; Parameter and statistic, Sampling and nonsampling errors; Probability and nonprobability sampling techniques(simple random sampling, stratified sampling, multistage sampling, multiphase sampling, cluster sampling, systematic sampling, purposive sampling, convenience sampling and quota sampling); Sampling distribution(statement only); Sample size decisions.
9. Statistical Inference  Point estimation and interval estimation, Properties of a good estimator, Methods of estimation (Moments method, Maximum likelihood method, Least squares method), Testing of hypothesis, Basic concept of testing, Small sample and large sample tests, Tests based on Z, t, Chisquare and F statistic, Confidence intervals.
10. Analysis of Variance  Analysis of oneway classified data and twoway classified data.
11. Time Series Analysis  Components of time series, Determinations of trend component by different methods, Measurement of seasonal variation by different methods.
12. Index Numbers  Meaning of Index Numbers, Problems in the construction of index numbers, Types of index number, Different formulae, Base shifting and splicing of index numbers, Cost of living Index Numbers, Uses of Index Numbers.
SSC CGL Tier 2 Syllabus Paper 3 (General StudiesFinance and Economics)
This section of the SSC CGL Tier 2 Syllabus is divided into 2 parts Finance & Accounts and Economics & Governance for which the subtopics are detailed below
Part A: Finance and Accounts(80 marks):
1.1 Financial Accounting
 Nature and scope
 Limitations of Financial Accounting
 Basic concepts and Conventions
 Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
 Single and double entry
 Books of Original Entry
 Bank Reconciliation
 Journal, ledgers
 Trial Balance
 Rectification of Errors
 Manufacturing
 Trading
 Profit & Loss Appropriation Accounts
 Balance Sheet
 Distinction between Capital and Revenue Expenditure
 Depreciation Accounting
 Valuation of Inventories
 Nonprofit organisations Accounts
 Receipts and Payments and Income & Expenditure Accounts
 Bills of Exchange
 Self Balancing Ledgers
Part B: Economics and Governance(120 marks):
2.1 Comptroller & Auditor General of India Constitutional provisions, Role and responsibility.
2.2 Finance CommissionRole and functions.
2.3 Basic Concept of Economics and introduction to Micro Economics***Definition
 Scope and nature of Economics
 Methods of economic study
 Central problems of an economy
 Production possibilities curve
2.4 Theory of Demand and Supply
 Meaning and determinants of demand
 Law of demand and Elasticity of demand
 Price
 Income and cross elasticity
 Theory of consumer‟s behaviour
 Marshallian approach and Indifference curve approach
 Meaning and determinants of supply
 Law of supply
 The elasticity of Supply
 Meaning and Factors of production
 Laws of production Law of variable proportions and Laws of returns to scale.
 Various forms of marketsPerfect Competition
 Monopoly
 Monopolistic Competition
 Oligopoly
 Price determination in these markets.
2.7.1 Nature of the Indian Economy Role of different sectors, Role of Agriculture, Industry and Servicestheir problems and growth.
2.7.2 National Income of IndiaConcepts of national income, Different methods of measuring national income.
2.7.3 PopulationIts size, rate of growth and its implication on economic growth.
2.7.4 Poverty and unemployment Absolute and relative poverty, types, causes and incidence of unemployment.
2.7.5 InfrastructureEnergy, Transportation, Communication.
2.8 Economic Reforms in India
 Economic reforms since 1991
 Liberalisation
 Privatisation
 Globalisation
 Disinvestment
2.9.1 Monetary/ Fiscal policy Role and functions of Reserve Bank of India; functions of commercial Banks/RRB/Payment Banks.
2.9.2 Budget and Fiscal deficits and Balance of payments.
2.9.3 Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003.
2.10 Role of Information Technology in Governance.
Note: Questions in PaperI will be of Matriculation Level, PaperII of 10+2 Level and in PaperIII and PaperIV of Graduation Level.
SSC CGL Syllabus 2023: Important Points
TierI exam is compulsory for all posts mentioned in the SSC CGL 2023 Notification. Candidates will have to prepare for both Tier 1 and Tier 2 exams simultaneously.
For SSC CGL Tier 2
Paper I (Compulsory for all posts),
Paper II for candidates who apply for the posts of Junior Statistical Officer (JSO) in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation and
Paper III for candidates who apply for the posts of Assistant Audit Officer/ Assistant Accounts Officer.
Penalty for wrong answers
Giving a wrong answer to a question will lead to a deduction of 0.5 marks in the Tier – I exam.
In Tier II, there will be a negative marking of 1 for each wrong answer in PaperI, Paper II and PaperIII.